Who Is Marie Curie?

Marie Curie

Marie Curie

Marie Curie was a Polish-born French chemist and physicist who until now was the only person who ever get a Nobel Prize in two different fields, namely physics and chemistry. Its discovery in the field of radioactive make Marie Curie entered into the list of influential inventors to the world. Marie Curie was the first female winner of the Nobel Prize and also was the first woman to become a professor at the university, Universities of Paris. Although French citizen, Marie Curie never lost a sense of pride as the Poles. The discovery of the chemical elements were first discovered in 1898 was named ‘polonium‘ and the subsequent discovery is radium a few months later. Radium is a radioactive substance that is widely used in the medical field and medicine, generally to eliminate cancer by illuminating cancer cells with the radioactive substance.

Marie was born in Warsaw, Poland with the name of Maria Sklodowska. Her parents worked as a teacher, and Manya (nickname of Marie Curie) at the age of 16 years have earned a gold medal when finishing second education (junior high school), then, her parents almost lost all his property because of a loss when investing. Manya finally working as teacher aides to help support their families. At that time, women in Poland (which is still under Russian domination that time) could not get a higher education, so that after graduating school, Manya can not continue school to university. At the age of 18 years, Marie worked as a tutor for a wealthy family. Most of her income as a private teacher then given to her sister to help paid educational expenses in France. After her sister who attended medical school French, graduated and get a doctor’s degree, then Manya joined and moved to France in 1891. She then entered the Sorbonne University (now Universities of Paris) and majored in physics and mathematics. Manya or Marie Curie eventually graduated as the best student in his class.

Marie last name (Curie) is obtained when she married Pierre Curie who is also a chemist. Marie Curie has two daughters, Irène and Eve, who was born in 1897 and 1904. Irène who continue and develop the work of her mother also received the Nobel Prize in chemistry.

Marie Curie’s research works make the chemists and physicists understand how to collect sources containing radioactive material to cure diseases and for research purposes in the radioactive substances.




Vocabulary

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize is an annual award for outstanding contributions to chemistry or physics or physiology and medicine or literature or economics or peace

radioactive

radioactive is a scientific term for a particular type of energy-emitting substance or thing.

polonium

polonium is a radioactive metallic element that is similar to tellurium and bismuth; occurs in uranium ores but can be produced by bombarding bismuth with neutrons in a nuclear reactor.

radium

radium is an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores.

property

property is something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone

obtained

Obtain means to get something that is not so easy to come by such as knowledge, rights, or a large amount of money.

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