Who is Louis Pasteur?

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur was a chemist and microbiologist who came from France. During his life, Louis Pasteur has made a variety of research and development of several technologies related to microbiology. Some of them are still useful today. What are the results of his research? Let’s discuss together with the story of his life.

Louis Pasteur was born on December 22, 1822 in a small town called Dole in France. After attending college, he earned a doctorate in 1847. Later he became professor of chemistry at the University Strasbrough. A few years later, he was also appointed as a professor and dean at the University of Lillie.

During that time, he continued to conduct research related to microbiology. The first study he did was about alcoholic beverages. In the manufacturing process, it is possible the taste of alcohol turns into acid and unwell, or what we call stale. Louis can prove that the cause of sour taste in the drink is bacteria. This also applies to milk beverages. Not only that, Louis also found that the bacteria can be removed by heating and then cooling the liquor. This technique later called pasteurization techniques.

Another study he made was about the vaccine. He discovered that the disease caused by bacteria can be avoided by preventing the bacteria infects the body. One way is to inject the bacteria that have been weakened to the body. In this way, the effect would be very small, but your body will become immune and similar bacteria will not be able to make a greater infection. He created the first vaccine for chicken cholera. But later, he also makes vaccines for other diseases, such as anthrax and rabies. Although many scientists who created a vaccine for a specific disease, Louis Pasteur is a scientist who develop a vaccine for various diseases.

In 1888, an institution built to handle the treatment on health. The institution called Pasteur Institute. The institution built in memory of Louis Pasteur, and Louis Pasteur himself headed the institution. Louis Pasteur died on 28 September 1895 after the previous stroke who is suffering since 1868. Nevertheless, his observations are very useful in the medical world today.




Vocabulary

chemist

a scientist who specializes in chemistry

microbiologist

a scientist who specializes in microbiology

appointed

selected to be given a task or  a job

professor

Professor is officially a teacher of the highest rank, above adjuncts and lecturers, but college students can call them allprofessor.

dean

dean is the head of a specific area of a college, university, or private school.

beverages

beverage is any type of drink or any liquid suitable for drinking

stale

lacking freshness, palatability, or showing deterioration from age

sour

one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of vinegar or lemons

liquor

an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented

pasteurization

partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food

vaccine

vaccine is a mixture that teaches your body how to fight against viruses and diseases.

infection

the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease

cholera

an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food

anthrax

a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people

rabies

an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain

suffering

feelings of mental or physical pain

observations

the act of observing; taking a patient look

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