Who is Alexander Graham Bell?

Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) was an inventor from America and also was a teacher for deaf people. He was credited in the field of communication technology, so that thanks to the discovery and now we can communicate each other using a phone without constrained by distance.

Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. He is a graduate of Edinburgh University, London. In 1870 he moved to Canada and then moved again to United States in 1871. In United States he starts teaching people who are mute and deaf, and popularized the system called ‘visual language’. This system was developed by his father, Alexander Melville Bell that indicates how the lips, tongue, and throat can be used to describe the sound.

In his childhood, he has shown a curiosity on this environment, which causes him to frequently collect some samples of plants. Along with his best friend who has a wheat milling machine and also his neighbors, he is often seen making noise, so one day her friend’s father said to them, “Why don’t you guys make something more useful?”. That time Alexander Graham Bell then asks, what needs to be done. And the father of his best friend tell that wheat should be separated from the chaff.

By these challenges, then at the age of 12 years, Alexander made simple equipment that combines a rotating paddle with a series of brushes from the nails that can serve to separate the wheat from the chaff. The equipment can operate properly over the years, and as a ‘Prize’, the father of his friend gives them the opportunity to play in a small workshop to create a new ‘discovery’.

Since the age of 18 years, Bell has been researching and have an idea about how to transmit and transfer words. In 1874 when he was working on the telegraph, he developed the basic idea for a new telephone. The experiment he did along with his assistant Thomas Watson finally proved successfully on March 10, 1876, when this word was transmitted: “Watson, come here; I want you.” A series of demonstrations of the use of the telephone then has introduced telephone to the world, led by his company, the Bell Telephone Company in 1877.

Vocabulary

inventor

inventor is someone who is the first to think of or make something

deaf

deaf means people who can’t hear or have extremely limited hearing abilities. 

communication technology

communication technology is the activity of designing and constructing and maintaining communication systems

discovery

discovery means the finding or uncovering of something.

communicate

to communicate is to exchange words, feelings, or information with others.

constrain

to constrain is to hold back, restrain, or confine

mute

mute is a deaf person who is unable to speak

visual language

visual language is a system of communication using visual elements.

lips

lips is either of two fleshy folds of tissue that surround the mouth and play a role in speaking

tongue

tongue is the muscle in your mouth that you press against your teeth in order to speak, as well the home of your taste buds.

throat

throat is the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone

curiosity

curiosity is the urge you feel to know more about something

wheat

wheat is annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour

milling machine

milling machine is a machine tool in which metal that is secured to a carriage is fed against rotating cutters that shape it

chaff

chaff is a material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds

equipment

equipment is an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service

paddle

paddle is a short light oar used without an oarlock to propel a canoe or small boat

opportunity

opportunity is a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances

workshop

workshop is a somewhere you go to work on something physical like a construction project or it could be something mental like working on your leadership skills

research

research is systematic investigation to establish facts

transmit

transmit means send from one person or place to another

transfer

transfer means move from one place to another

telegraph

telegraph is apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)

telephone

telephone is an electronic device that you use for conversations over great distances.

demonstration

demonstration is a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view

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By English Kid Zone